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هذا الرابط خاص حصريا بمدونة azhartec

How to choose the right apartment: expert opinion If you are going to buy a house, people inevitably encounter stress, which can only be compared with a parachute jump or other extreme sport, where a person is in the same psychological stress. It is associated with the fear of disappointment in the acquired housing. Why can't people find the option that will suit them completely? The fact is that when choosing an apartment, everyone is guided by their own individual preferences and priorities, and there is simply no universal formula for defining an “ideal apartment”. Someone in housing is important - light, others are looking for the most spacious apartment, and the third priority is the proximity of the green zone, where you can walk with the dog every day. Thu better new building or secondary housing How to find something that will best meet all needs? First, it is necessary to decide whether the apartment will be located in a newly built house, or it is better to find housing in an already inhabited area. Secondary housing is an apartment in which someone already lived, and which already had owners. Therefore, apartments in the newly commissioned building are owned by the developer and are considered secondary housing. Primary housing is only an apartment in a new building, and in a house under construction, housing is not bought, but invested. Advantages of secondary housing When the apartment is ready for living, it is beneficial for several reasons. First of all, if such a living area is in good condition, it is ready to accept new tenants as soon as possible. However, if the need for redecoration, the new owners will not have to wait long, and the interior renovation will cost less expensive. In many cases, the cost of utilities in the secondary housing sector is cheaper than in new buildings. Disadvantages of secondary housing The main disadvantage of secondary housing is that it is not new. So, the new owners will have to face the old wiring and plumbing. Pipes can flow, sockets can spark, and plaster can fall from the ceiling. Although the care of such an apartment is not too expensive, but it will have to be maintained in a decent condition all the time, which takes a lot of time. In addition, living in an old apartment, compared to a new building, may not be so comfortable. The entrances of houses built at times several decades ago are, at best, guarded only by an intercom or a combination lock, while residents of new buildings often hire a concierge or watchman today. The advantages of new buildings There are new buildings and other benefits. Entrances here are much more spacious and cleaner than in old houses, higher ceilings and more convenient elevators. There are security systems, and most importantly, modern layouts are much more comfortable and thoughtful than those that can be found in almost all houses of the Soviet era. Yes, and feel the first and only owner of the apartment, perhaps more pleasant. Disadvantages of new buildings However, the new buildings can not be called perfect. If the apartment is sold without any repair, then the owner will have to invest in it and the strength. And you can forget about quick comfort and relocation. The apartment in the new building is concrete walls, ceilings-smelling cement and a gray floor of the same concrete. The first repair in a new building will have to be taken seriously and efficiently , since the process will require not only large financial expenses, but also enough time and nerves. Since the repair will not bypass anyone from the neighbors, the first years in the new building are always associated with a constant knock, the sound of a drill and a perforator, carrying furniture and construction waste. Noise and knocks will be heard regularly and absolutely from all sides. Therefore, if there are small children in the family, then it is better to refuse to buy an apartment in a new building. How to choose the right area Choosing the area where you have to buy an apartment, it is important to take into account a lot of criteria. Among them is the possibility of a quick exit to the highway, the proximity of the future housing to children or parents, to the place of work and other objects that play an important role in life. But, besides this, do not forget about ecology. If in the immediate vicinity of the area there are such poisoners of the environment, such as industrial enterprises and motor transport traveling in a continuous stream, then over time clean air can only become less. The proximity of industrial facilities and transport interchanges may not be the best impact on health. But if there is a green zone, a park or a square, then the plants will reduce the harmful effects of transport and enterprises. If the new place of residence is to use public transport, it is better to come in the morning rush hour to the nearest stop in order to find out if there is enough traffic here often and if it is easy to get on the bus. The proximity of the final stop can be considered an advantage, since the chance to comfortably get to the right place increases. Definitely should alert the location near the house of power lines, high-voltage power lines. The low-frequency electromagnetic radiation of these structures may not in the best way affect the health and even provoke some diseases. If you have a personal car, then you will need to make sure that there is a paid parking lot next to the house. However, if such a cluster of cars is located right under the windows, then you should not be surprised that you will have to put up with the car alarm, the sounds of running engines and their exhausts. If there is a round-the-clock pavilion or a trade tent under the windows, then at night folk songs will be performed by drunken voices of the ballad, and in the morning you will go past the urns filled with bottles and cans. When choosing a district, you should make sure that there are pharmacies and clinics, household services and schools, kindergartens and all the necessary shops, as well as other infrastructure in the district. If there are children in the family, it is imperative that you personally attend a kindergarten or school to make sure that they are working and at least externally assess their level. And in the department of education, you can specify the rating of educational institutions located in the area. Assessment of the house outside and inside The exterior of the house When the area is defined, you can proceed to the choice of home. And here it is especially important to be sure that the accommodation will be completely safe. In any city there are emergency houses that are easy to distinguish by sight. There are cracks on the walls, which even when embedded are visible along the gray lines along them. If you find these disturbing symptoms, it is better not to risk and refuse to buy an apartment, even under very attractive conditions. The attentive buyer should be alerted to the use of external insulation, installed by individual tenants. Such "patches" can be a signal that the heating in the house is not the best. Entering the entrance, you need to evaluate its improvement and cleanliness. The same applies to the elevator, if any. The doors of potential neighbors can tell a lot. Their quality will provide an opportunity to navigate in the welfare of the contingent and in what can be expected from these people. If the doors are old, with rugged upholstery, then not only people with low incomes, but also unreliable personalities, hooligans or alcoholics can be neighbors. Violations of building codes, such as errors in the design of a ventilation system or improperly performed electrical wiring, can be a threat to the health of residents. Therefore, it is better to look at the apartment you like together with a specialist with experience in this field. Choice of layout Before buying an apartment, you need to take time to attentively familiarize yourself with the BTI plan. If the apartment is adjacent to the elevator shaft, then constant vibration and noise in the house can not be avoided. If the apartment has more than one room, then at least one of them should not have common walls with neighbors, so that if necessary you can retire. If possible, it is better to avoid buying a corner apartment, where the rooms may be excessively wet and cold, even with thick brick walls. It is worth looking at which side overlooking the apartment windows. Worst of all, if they look to the north. In such housing will be dark and cold. The south side is not very good either, since there will be plenty of sunshine here, and in the summer the residents will experience heat and a constant lack of oxygen. It is better to choose an apartment that faces the east side, where sunlight fills the house in the morning, or the west, here the light is visible only after lunch. If you have to buy a one-room apartment, it will be useful to pay attention to which walls separate housing from neighbors, and with whom these walls border. Well, if the walls are carrying, then the neighbors will not bother. Internal repair Once in the apartment offered for sale, you should forget about the natural modesty, to ask the owners and neighbors, to examine and touch every corner: If the selected apartment is located on one of the upper floors, the pressure of hot water here may be insufficient, which means that problems with washing, washing dishes and hygienic procedures are inevitable. To check the pressure, you need to open the faucet in the kitchen and in the bathroom. Well, if the previous owners have taken care of installing meters for hot and cold water. Special attention will have to be paid to pipes. If they have already outlived their time, they are covered with traces of rust, which cannot be hidden even with paint, because the surface will still be uneven. If such pipes are found, you can be sure that they will be able at any time to break through and fill this apartment and the floor below. It is also necessary to make sure that all the valves and taps on the pipes, which must be screwed to the end and without effort, are in good condition, otherwise it will be impossible to shut off the water supply in case of an accident. Traces of mold or mildew in the kitchen, bathroom or toilet indicate the danger of an apartment. The apartment can freeze through. If the inspection takes place during the heating season, before the arrival of the buyer, the owners can provide a decent temperature using heaters, but it is easy to expose by checking the batteries in all rooms. The situation will become even clearer if you walk your hand through all the walls. So you can feel even hidden cracks in the joints. If the floors in the kitchen, in the bathroom and in the bathroom are tiled, you can jump on them or try to feel the tile in the most passable places. If a crackle is heard, it may mean that there are voids under the tile, or it is laid in violation of the technology, and the cracks on the floor are not long to wait. Irregularities in the linoleum will show that the screed under it is bad. Poorly laid parquet will give himself creaking and the presence of cracks. The presence of modern metal-plastic windows in the apartment is a significant plus. But here there will be no unnecessary verification of the tightness of the closure, the quality of the rubber seals and the closure of the fittings. It is worth knowing whether the loggia is glazed and how the balcony is insulated. It is also important to check the condition of the electrical wiring, as well as what it is made of: copper or aluminum. But how to find out? You can ask the owners to remove one of the sockets to see which wires are connected. Although aluminum wiring is more often installed, copper is more reliable and durable. The owners need to ask for a plan of the apartment to make sure that the owners did not hide any unregistered redevelopment. For this, the plan in the technical passport is compared with the actual layout. If this is not done, then it may be that the new owners will have to engage in legalizing redevelopment and pay fines. Which floor is more suitable for living Top floor If you are seriously considering an apartment in Khrushchev, located on the top floor, you should make sure that the house has a gable roof . With this design of the roof significantly reduces the likelihood of freezing and leakage of future housing. If the house has a technical floor or an attic, then later this space can be privatized and, after redevelopment, get a two-level apartment. Information can be obtained from the management company when the last time a major overhaul was carried out in the house and the roof was updated. If there is an attic, it is better to inspect its condition in person to make sure that the roof does not flow. Interestingly, the often-encountered negative opinion of the upper floor is not entirely true. The last floor with a strong roof is the most comfortable. Here you can not hear the steps of neighbors above your head, which are especially tiring on holidays or in the presence of small children above the apartment above. The staircase is always quiet here, no one except the nearest neighbors walks along the stairs, and the street noise is less heard here. Ground floor The apartment on the first floor also requires close attention. And if the residents of the upper floors can let the roof down, then on the first floor the basement can be the cause of extreme inconvenience. If the increased humidity prevails here, then it will inevitably penetrate into the housing. And this is a spoiled repair, smell, mold and fungus. There is also an external cause of problems. These are garbage containers, which can be located under the windows, as well as in the absence of adequate security for the entrance, the first floors of the houses are often visited by suspicious individuals. Neighbors If, when inspecting the apartment, ask the realtor or the owners a question about neighbors, the answer will be very predictable. Only kind-hearted, responsive people live around. But a few weeks after the purchase of an apartment, the unknown to this day life of the house opens. Not the most pleasant details can be found out about the newly-made neighbors. To prevent this from happening, it is useful to make a visit to anyone who lives on the side, below and above before buying a home. If they do not want to communicate, you can make a presentation on the appearance of people and the few words that they will say. If you are buying an apartment in a new building, you will have to rely only on luck. How not to fall for fraudsters In order not to provoke any kind of fraudsters, you do not need to come to inspect the apartment on an expensive car and in some distinguished outfit. The more expensive the buyer looks, the stronger the temptation is not only to deceive him, but also simply to ask for a higher price for housing. Democratic appearance will allow the buyer to successfully bargain. In addition, such clothes will make it possible to check all communications, pipes, windows and wiring without any problems, without fear of getting dirty. Precautions Sometimes under the guise of a realtor you can meet with a scam. Not honest people can introduce themselves and the owners of the apartment. Therefore, examining housing for purchase, it is better to adhere to simple recommendations that can save not only material resources, but also life: When talking with the owner of the apartment on the phone, it is better to make it clear that the buyer will not come to inspect the house. Have the seller dictate your contact number so that the buyer can call back after a while. If the interlocutor cannot intelligibly answer, but it is better to refuse further contacts with him. Going to look at the apartment, it is necessary to leave the address to relatives or friends. Upon entering the apartment, you need to notify the owners and call someone of your friends to give the address and schedule a meeting near this house. If the owners refused to call on a home phone, then it is better to leave such an apartment. How to save your money and not to burn when buying The so-called social housing is more often rented "on a turn-key basis", with simple but quite habitable repairs. It is clear that such apartments are purchased or received under certificates by people who do not have the funds for interior decoration to their own taste. In a few years, when the required amount is collected, it will be possible to make a new repair. When finishing in social rooms, cheap and simple materials are used, window designs, plumbing, door frames. After all, the more expensive the materials for the repair, the more expensive is the square meter of the apartment. In an elite house, expensive exclusive finishes are also superfluous, although the reason here is that it is easier for owners to do everything to their own taste. In such buildings, apartments are usually only prepared in fine finish. The builders prepare the floor, the ceiling and the walls, lay the communications and wiring, and the new settlers make repairs on their own and at their own discretion. Depending on the repair, the price of an apartment can double as compared to the one where the walls remained bare. Sometimes the developer makes repairs solely to attract customers. In this case, customers can save. But often buyers with wealth more attract apartments without finishing. In this technique there is a reason, because often customers are not satisfied with the repairs made by the developer. As a rule, home buyers, when considering options, prioritize the location of housing, then consider the layout of the apartment, but the finishing of the apartment being purchased is a secondary factor. In this case, the most economical option is when housing is purchased with repairs acceptable to the customer in the secondary market. Here the economy concerns not only money, but also time. How to bring down the price If you want to reduce the price, you will have to find as many problem areas and shortcomings as possible. You do not need to be lazy, looking into everything and the slots, corners and hatches. Seen flaws better to fix on paper and immediately voiced sellers. If it was not possible to find the shortcomings, one can draw the attention of the realtor or owners to the unfavorable environmental or criminal situation in the area. Legal registration of the apartment Verification of documents Verification of title documents for an apartment is a difficult but necessary thing. If at the meeting the seller provides copies of documents, this should alert the buyer. On the one hand, this may indicate caution, but you cannot sign an agreement without seeing the originals. The transaction is made only after a comprehensive verification of the identity of the seller and the original documents of title to the sale of housing. The situation is not credible when a transaction is concluded through an intermediary person acting in the interests of the rightful owner. After all, no one here can guarantee that the landlord wants this sale, and is alive and well at the time of the transaction. Buying an apartment in a new building is carried out only with the participation of the developer or a trusted realtor, so the buyer should check the rights of this company to the apartment and the powers of the employee signing the contract. Sample apartment sale agreement

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